The most significant medieval castle was built in 1348-1355 under the rule of Charles IV for the purpose of safekeeping the crown jewels and state documents. In the 16th century, it was reconstructed in the Renaissance style and altered in Pseudo-Gothic style in the late 19th century. In the Holy Rood Chapel, we can find a unique collection of 132 Gothic tabular paintings by Master Theodorik from 1360. The castle is situated 40km south-west of Prague.

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