Trebic - the Jewish quarter and St Procopius' Basilica

The complex of the Jewish Quarter, the old Jewish cemetery and the Basilica of St. Procopius in Trebic are reminders of the co-existence of Jewish and Christian cultures starting in the Middle Ages and continuing through to the 20th century.

The Jewish Quarter bears an outstanding testimony to the different aspects of life of this community. It is a unique documentation of the Jewish culture in Moravia and the only Jewish monument outside of Israel specifically placed on the UNESCO List. The area remained in its historical layout that developed in the limited area between the Jihlava River and the Hradek Hill. The Quarter exhibits a mysterious atmosphere with its tortuous streets, dark nooks, vaulted passages and other typical features. Unforgettable view of the romantic Jewish Quarter roofs can be enjoyed from the Hradek Hill. Today, no indigenous inhabitants live in this quarter any more. Therefore, many buildings, such as the town hall, rabbi’s office, hospital or school, do not serve their original purposes any more.

St. Procopius Basilica, built as part of the Benedictine Monastery in the early 13th century, is an exceptional witness to the influence of west European architectural heritage in this region. The rich monastery was an important religious, cultural and economic centre and, last but not least, an important military stronghold. It could keep its position until the Hussite Wars. Its decline culminated in 1468 when it was stormed by the Hungarian Army. Then, the Church lost the property, which was later rebuilt into an aristocratic palace. It was owned by the Valdstejn Dynasty from the early 17th century until its confiscation in 1945.

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